The Benefits of Coral Foods

One of the tricky parts of raising live corals in a saltwater aquarium is providing the right combinations of foods to keep the polyps alive and healthy. For many coral aquarists, feeding time meant thawing out messy frozen foods and maintaining a schedule of feedings that range from brine shrimp and phyto to krill, plus additions of amino and other elements to keep the corals happy. However, with the arrival of Fauna Marin’s pre-made coral foods in North America, feeding time in the aquarium just got a whole lot easier.

Why Feed Specialty Foods to Corals?

Owners of coral colonies have two main reasons to use specialty foods in their aquariums: to keep the coral alive and healthy, and to bring out the gorgeous colors that are so much a part of the best coral colonies. If all goes well, the coral will even grow, further enhancing the overall aquarium setup.

Actual feeding of coral colonies is a two stage affair. First, you have to attract the attention of the colony enough to get them to open their polyps. Then you have to serve up a food that maintains their interest long enough to get them to eat. Pre-made coral foods, such as those provided by the German-based company, Fauna Marin, hand the coral reef aquarist everything he or she needs to keep most corals, including gorgonian and filter feeding coral, happy over the long term.

How Are these Foods Applied to Corals?

Sometimes, you have to match the size of your coral food to the size of the polyp. With Fauna Marin Ultra LPS Series, feeding some stony corals with polyps up to ΒΌ inch in diameter, such as acans, can be as simple as sprinkling the medium-sized pellet across the coral. This way, the individual polyps do not have to be target fed, because the colony is connected together by way of pathways and connective tissue, and all polyps in a coral colony benefit from the feed.

In fact, Fauna Marin’s coral foods are highly concentrated, so some colonies can get along with feedings a couple of times per week. With the greater concentration, the energy level produced by Fauna Marin coral food is much greater than the same energy level produced by normal fish food. Plus, you don’t have to store frozen coral food in your freezer any more, nor do you deal with the mess of frozen food.

Fauna Marin Ultra LPS Grow and Color is a powdered food product, which can be reconstituted by mixing some water from the aquarium into the food powder, until it reaches a sticky consistency. There are warnings with Fauna Marin products to not inhale the powder, do not feed it to other pets or animals meant for human consumption, do not swallow their products, and avoid contact of Fauna Marin foods with the skin or eyes.

What to Look for in a Good Coral Food

First of all, you want to apply a food to your coral reef that your polyps respond to, and good coral foods such as those created by Fauna Marin, stimulate the polyps to feed almost immediately. The size of the pellet also matters. Acans and chalice corals have very small mouths, so a medium-sized food is better for them than a large-sized food.

Another aspect of coral foods that is worth considering is the softness. Coral polyps are soft-bodied creatures, and you want to purchase food for them that is soft and without sharp edges that can harm the corals. Fauna Marin’s food becomes sticky and soft once it reaches the water, so even partially open polyps benefit from the food.

Also important is to give your corals a combination of foods and minerals as close to their native environment as possible, and this is where Fauna Marin excels. This company mixes together dosages of mineral supplements, organic biopolymers, and trace elements to give the corals what they like best. Also included in Fauna Marin coral food are all the carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, fats, antioxidants, Omega-3 oils, and marine proteins needed by a coral reef to maintain health and good color. Purchasers of Fauna Marin coral food products have reported polyps which extend out far beyond their normal distance after a feeding session.

Food for Aquarium Fish

Fish like all animals require food. The food they eat should contain all the ingredients necessary for healthy growth and wellbeing. Too often, owners give only one type of food to fish.

This results in deficiencies which result in stunted growth and other abnormalities.

Healthy fish should be vigorous in motion, bright-colored with proper proportions. Examine your fish regularly for any signs of poor nutrition.

To provide proper nutrition, it is first necessary to understand the dietary habits of fish. Some fish are carnivores (meat-eating). Some are herbivores (plant-eating). While most fish are omnivores (eating both plant and animal food).

Carnivorous fish need a protein based diet. These include dried worms, shrimp, etc. Herbivorous fish require plant-based food. Examples are Spirulina, peas, etc.

Hence, try to find out the natural food for the fish you keep. There are different types of fishfeed available in the market. If you have a community aquarium, it is best to add a mixture of animal based and plant-based food.

Adding natural plants to the aquarium gives a source of food to herbivorous fish.

Another reason for poor nutrition among fish is the wrong of choice of type of fishfeed. Fish feed can be broadly categorized into floating food and sinking food.

Choose the type of food depending on the fish you have. Surface floating food will not be accessible to fish living the middle regions or in the bottom. These fish will become malnourished. Sinking food which slowly sinks to the bottom gives a chance to these fish to have food.

Hence, provide a combination of floating and sinking food to your fish. Ensure that the food are in proper size. Small fish with their small mouths cannot handle big chunks of food. These fish will go hungry.

When food is added to fish. The food may float in the surface of the water. This makes the food available to surface fish which stay in the surface. However, there are many species of fish which do not come to the surface.

These fish will not get food. Hence, when feeding it is necessary to choose your food depending on the fish you have. Sinking Food is a special type of food which sinks once it is dropped into the tank. This ensures that middle level fish also get a chance to eat.

There are different types of sinking food depending on the rate of sinking.

If you have nocturnal fish, drop some food before switching the lights off. This will ensure that the fish which forage at night will be able to eat.

Flaked Food is fish food which has been made into flakes. The food is mixed and then extruded or heated which produces the layers known as flakes. Flakes are very popular among hobbyists. Virtually all types of fish food can be made into flakes. flaked food

The flakes are small in size and usually float in the water. This gives time for the fish to eat them. The Flake are usually fortified with minerals.

The size of the flake should be suitable for the fish. Small fish may not be able to eat large flakes.

Flakes usually come in sealed containers. They usually have a best-before date.

Store Flakes in a cool dry place. Moisture and light should not be allowed to reach the flake foods.

How to Build a Glass Aquarium

Whether you want to build a glass aquarium to keep fish or you are eager to get a reptile, you don’t have to break the bank. In fact, very often it is cheaper to make your own than it is to purchase. When making your own, you can trust the build and in turn, you can make repairs as needed with confidence.

Another benefit to making your own glass aquarium is that you can build your aquarium at any size you want. Rather than running from pet shop to pet shop to find the perfect size to meet your needs, all you have to do is visit the glass supplier, have the glass cut and then bring it home and get to work.

There are some very important factors you are going to want to take into consideration about the glass before you start. You need to know the different glass types and this will help you identify the type of glass and thickness you will need to complete your tank build to the highest standard, ensuring that you have something that will provide you with years of use and enjoyment moving forward.

Firstly you need to know what glass you must and must not buy. Yes there are different types and not all glass is the same. Tempered glass should never be used, it is not strong enough, especially if you intend keeping fish and you will be filling the tank with water. You should speak to the supplier, as you are looking for plate or sheet glass, which is considerably stronger. In addition to this, the glass will break into larger pieces if broken, which can be beneficial when it comes to cleaning up along with keep you and your family safe.

You are going to want to get all your equipment ready once you have placed your glass order. You are going to need your five panes of glass, the base and four sides, along with alcohol for cleaning and silicone. In addition to this you are going tow ant square clamps or heavy objects which will be able to hold the sides as they dry. Such as heavy crates or boxes, four of them.

Choose an open space where the tank will be able to stand and dry. This can take anything from twenty four to forty eight hours and should not be disturbed, so a garage or workshop is ideal. If working at home, any table as long as no one is going to need it for the next couple of days.

Remember that when you speak to your glass specialist you will want them to recommend the glass thickness based on what you will be using the tank for. Further the sides should be slightly shorter to accommodate the glass thickness of the sides. The four sides need to be able to sit on the base comfortably with ease.

Lay out all five pieces of glass in position on the table. So the base in the center and then the four sides around the edges. Now you can get to work. This process should not be rushed, so set yourself some time where you can work with the glass and be careful to ensure you complete the project to the highest standard.

Clean the side of the glass with alcohol and give it a few seconds to dry and then apply silicone. The silicone should fill the gap completely with no air bubbles. Raise up the side and hold it in place to ensure it meets your needs. Do the same with the other four sides, ensuring that they are all held in place. Now silicone the inside to ensure when you fill with water the tank is not going to leak.

5 Cat Myths That Can Be Easily Debunked

There are many misconceptions attributed to our feline friends that are simply not true. Many of these myths have been fuelled by people simply believing that because the myth is commonly heard then there must be some basis in fact when in many instances this is just not the case.

Here are five commonly held beliefs that can easily be debunked

Pregnant Women Should Avoid Cats

Pregnant women should avoid cleaning out a litter tray, or of they have to, then wear disposable latex gloves. The cat is not the issue to a pregnant woman but the Toxoplasmosis, the parasitic disease carried and passed on through the cats faeces is.

Cats Hate Walking On Tinfoil

Cats are like us, not all afraid of the same things. Some cats may hate walking on tinfoil and some may initially hate the texture and find it a little daunting at first. The truth is that if you are looking to keep a cat off the kitchen counter by using tinfoil then you may well find that the cat is not bothered for very long, if at all, by your attempts to thwart their intentions.

Cats Are Nocturnal

Cats really aren’t nocturnal. They are what is known as crepuscular which means that they are more active around the twilight hours of dawn or dusk. Cats are very good at hunting at low light levels and the twilight hours are optimum hunting times. Our feline friends function poorly when hunting for prey in complete darkness.

Cats Always Land On Their Feet

Whilst their natural agility and their flexible spine allow them an advantage in righting themselves in a mid-air situation-cats simply do not always land on their feet and there are enough cases of cats landing badly and sustaining injuries to thoroughly debunk this myth.

Butter On A Cats Paws Will Help It Find Its Way Back To A New Home

The butter myth has been extended in some quarters to include the added benefit that it helps the cat to feel less stressed in a new environment. Putting butter on a cat’s paws will have neither of these desired benefits and may well bring stress to a cat. It simply does not work.

A more tried and tested way to help a cat when moving home is to keep the cat indoors for a couple of weeks to get them used to the environment and to seeing you in it feeding and petting them. This is all the motivation most cats need to come back home.

The Basics of Cat Care

Whether you’re considering buying or adopting a cat for the first time, already own a cat but just want to make sure you’re doing everything right, or simply want to find out more about cats and their care requirements, it can be hard to know where to turn!

Everyone has their own unique ideas about the best way to care for our feline friends, so if you’re having problems sorting the wheat from the chaff and want to make sure that the information you’re reading is reliable and accurate, search no further; read on to learn more about the basics of good cat care, and where to go to improve your knowledge and understanding.

Responsible cat ownership

Before you make the commitment to take on a cat, you should be sure that you will be able to afford to care for it, and intend to own it and look after it appropriately for the duration of its hopefully long life.

You should review your home and surrounding area critically to ensure that it is a safe and suitable environment to bring a cat into, and also, ensure that if you rent or live in a leasehold apartment, you are permitted to keep cats within your home.

When you actually get your cat, you should take steps to make sure that your cat is not a nuisance or inconvenience to others, and also, that you spay or neuter them as soon as possible, if this has not already been done for you.

Veterinary care

All cats should be vaccinated against all of the core communicable feline diseases, and receive an annual booster and vet check every year. It is also important to be able to recognize other times when your cat may need to see a vet, such as if they become sick or injured. You will also need to budget for flea and worming treatments, and preventative care such as looking after your cat’s teeth. Finally, you might want to consider insuring your cat, to help with the cost of any unexpected and potentially expensive veterinary treatments.


Cats need to feed little and often, and so should be given free access to the appropriate food, and also clean, fresh water at all times. What you choose to feed your cat is up to you, and the like-for-like price of different cat foods can vary considerably across different ranges! When making your decision, you should take into account your cat’s life stage and lifestyle when picking the right food, and you will also need to decide if you wish to feed wet food, dry food, or a combination of both. Wet and dry food each have their advantages and disadvantages, and no one can tell you what is best for your own cat! Make sure that the food that you feed to your cat is a complete food, rather than a supplementary one, as only a complete food will take care of all of your cat’s nutritional requirements. Also, go easy on the treats; too many treats can soon cause your cat to pile on the pounds, which can lead to a whole range of potential health problems.

Understanding your cat

Cat communication is complex, and very different from that of humans! You will need to make sure that you understand the basics of cat communication, how to interpret your cat’s moods and needs, and how to tell if something is wrong with your cat, such as if they are stressed or unhappy. You should also learn how to provide a safe, comfortable environment for your cat, which includes considerations such as where to locate their beds, food bowls and litter trays, how to make your cat feel secure, and how to recognize when they want to be left alone!

Enabling a natural lifestyle

Most cats are indoor/outdoor cats, meaning that they have a warm home to stay in when they want to, but also have free or regular access to the outside world. This will help your cat to live a natural lifestyle and manifest their natural behaviors, as well as helping to keep them both fit and entertained. In some cases, certain breeds of cats may do better with an indoor-only lifestyle, such as the very un-streetwise Ragdoll, or hairless cat breeds that are apt to get too cold in the winter, or get burnt in the summer. If this is the case with your cat, you will have to go a lot further when it comes to enabling a natural lifestyle for them, and keeping them entertained.

Life stages

The natural behavior of cats will change as they age, starting with a boisterous, fun-loving kitten who is into everything, through your calmer, adult cat, to the specific traits and care requirements of the feline old-timer. Learning to recognize what is normal and appropriate for your cat at every stage of their lives, and knowing how to provide this, is also essential information.


If your cat suddenly starts urinating in the house, clawing the furniture, acting aggressively or otherwise doing something out of the ordinary that indicates unhappiness or an underlying problem, you should learn how to recognize this, and develop a good understanding of the potential causes of problem behaviors and how they can be resolved.

Learning more

If you want to make sure that you’re all ready to be the perfect cat parent, find out more about what makes your cat tick, or attain a formal certification in cat care, you might want to consider taking a specialist animal care course, to learn about all of these things and much more.

How to Introduce a Baby to Your Cat

My husband and I are so happy for our friends who just brought home their new baby! She’s beautiful and they’re crazy about her, as you can imagine. Their cat, Mr. Tiggs, is having a hard time finding the joy in their new bundle

Bringing home a newborn is stressful on everyone, especially our pets who didn’t exactly sign up for it. Cats particularly can have a hard time if sudden change is a stress trigger for them. Luckily, there are a few things you can do to help your cat, even if you’ve already brought home your little one.

Before bringing home baby

If your due date hasn’t arrived (and neither has baby) then you still have time to prepare your cat. You’ll first need to decide how the cat’s current day-to-day will be affected by the newborn newcomer.

If there are going to be off-limits rooms once the baby comes, you’ll need to start training your cat to be extra happy in places they can be. A cat tower, scratching posts, catnip toys, and other things your cat enjoys should be added to those rooms. Praise and rewards should be given when the cat is hanging out in them. Honestly, deterring a cat from a room or place in your house seems almost impossible without the cat turning on you or adding to their stress.

Noise is to be expected when bringing home a baby, so prepare your cat accordingly by recordings of baby sounds (not just crying). Be sure the volume isn’t so high that you give your kitty anxiety before the baby even arrives. During the recordings praise and reward your cat for staying calm. Noise will likely be one of the worst stressors, so this step is very important.

If your cat is particularly nosey, consider swaddling a doll (it’ll be good practice) to carry around and fuss with. After a while, your cat may decide to come check it out and get bored or just ignore you altogether. Either way, it will be nice to not have a cat climbing the curtains to see what you’re carrying.

If baby is already home

If your baby has already come home and your cat is reacting poorly there are some things you can do to help them come around to the situation.

First, you’ll want to keep all interactions between your baby and cat supervised. This will help in avoiding aggressive situations and keep the cat from cuddling a baby who can’t move her own head or roll over. This is also important for rewarding calm behavior around the baby.

Rewarding calm behavior around the baby is crucial. Give your cat opportunities for calm behavior by providing calming distractions, like a perch in a window or a tall cat tree. You should also stock up on treats your cat finds irresistible. Trout LOVES Greenies! Another calming reward your cat might enjoy is a good brushing. Many cats find this soothing and it’s a big part of how cats show affection within their social circles. You should also have super fun toys, shiny, crinkly, and jingly for your cat to enjoy when the baby is around. The other side of the praise and reward coin is to make sure those treats, toys, and catnip are entirely unavailable when the baby isn’t around. This is an important aspect of incentivizing calm behavior.

If your cat is still having a hard time consider a Feliway diffuser. They look like air freshener plugins, but they emit calming pheromones. They are relatively inexpensive and can help make any situation less stressful. As with any anxiety, talk to your vet to be sure that your course of action is the best one for your cat.

How To Tell If Your Pet Reptile Likes You

I would say that most herpetologists may not be too concerned about whether or not their reptile likes them. They usually have quite a collection of snakes, lizards, turtles and even frogs. They may appear to be well cared for on a physical level and neglected on a personal level. Reptiles are also known as “exotic pets.” The reptile trade is appalling and many people including myself do not support this trade. Around ninety five percent of animals will die being poorly transported and insufficiently cared for on their journey to and from different countries.

Like children, animals are a reflection of their home life, and their happiness and contentment will depend largely on the quality time you are prepared to give them. Reptiles are very ancient creatures they go back a very long way in history. All reptiles are ectothermic’s therefore they display affection a little differently than a cat or a dog. In the wild they can almost stop their heart from beating. They have the ability to slow down their metabolism in winter to hibernate, this is also known as brumation.

I have had a pet lizard since he was only two weeks old, he is a happy and contented naughty twelve year old. He behaves similar to a dog in slow motion. He has been domesticated, for example when I call him he will normally respond by turning his body around and looking in the direction of my voice. I need to call his name several times before he comes ambling over to me. Reptiles do not require to be fed daily. They can go for weeks on end without food especially if they are in hibernation mode. How do you know your reptile likes you?

They will feel comfortable around you. If you have built up a truly successful bond they will allow you to feed them by hand without biting you. This is the strongest indication that they have accepted you as their trusted friend.

When my pet wants attention he will stick his head out of his enclosure indicating that he wants to come out for a run around. He has now decided that he wants to eat his mashed veggies from a plastic spoon once a week. This unusual habit occurred after he underwent a belly operation two years ago to remove a fatty tumour. He looks forward to being spoon fed and he know’s when I am preparing his food. One would think he was almost psychic.

My snake “Tilly” used to pull my glasses off when she wanted my attention smooching my face similar to what a cat does. She would always pick the most awkward time to do this. I never shunned her away. I loved their cold blooded affection and I felt honoured that my pet’s had allowed me to become so bonded to them. Not many reptile handler’s can say they have been this close to a reptile. Building a trusted bond between you and your reptile takes time, patience and consistency especially with reptiles. These cold blooded beauties have fascinated me for many years. I have watched their antics in the wild marvelling at their uncanny ability to change colour so quickly and often due to their moods and differing temperature’s of the day. They are very diverse animals and well adapted for survival in the wild. As a reptile handler I have learned that you can never own them, You share your time and enthusiastic passion you have with them. I have a wonderful bond with my pet lizard Abbott.

Things to Consider When Choosing a Cage for Your Pet Reptiles

Reptiles are a very diverse group of animals. Getting a pet reptile such as a lizard will require you to do some extensive researching. Lizards live in various kinds of habitats. They can thrive in the driest deserts up to the most humid rain forests. Getting to know more about your pet lizard’s natural habitat will help you to choose and design the right cage for it.

There are five things that you should consider before buying a cage for your lizard. These are security, humidity, lighting, space and heating. To understand more about these elements, you should learn more on how your pet lizard naturally lives in the wild. This will help you to imitate its natural habitat and provide what it needs.

In terms of security, it is not advisable for a lizard owner to build a “do it yourself” cage. This can’t be done unless you have the right skills for building one. The most basic thing is to buy a cage that will prevent your pet from escaping. Reptiles are very good in escaping. Therefore, a professional cage is what you need to keep it secure at all times. A cage with good security features will also protect your lizard from intruders especially if you have other pets living in your house.

Second thing to consider is humidity. Lizards have various moisture requirements. There are certain lizards that best thrive in dry cages. And there are those that have high humidity requirements. In this case, know the species of your lizard and determine its humidity needs. If it is a tropical lizard then it should be put in a cage with lots of moisture or humidity.

Sufficient lighting is very important for your lizard to survive. Most lizards love the sun. However, there are still some that prefer burrowing themselves underground. But generally, lizards need sunlight exposure. You can use full-spectrum lights to replace natural sun exposure. Therefore, when choosing a cage, you must make sure that the cage will allow you to use special lighting for your pet.

Heat control is another thing that you should consider when choosing a cage. First, you have to research about the temperature requirement of your pet lizard. After that, you must choose a cage that will allow you to maintain the specific amount of heat that your lizard needs. The cage must be able to hold up the heat to make sure that the right temperature is maintained.

Lastly, you must also consider the space and the orientation of the cage. There are certain species of lizards that can grow up to 6 feet and more. You should consider this when picking the size of your cage. Your pet lizard may look so small right now but it will eventually grow in size and may need a larger space to survive. As mentioned earlier there are lizards that love to burrow into the ground and there are also some species that love to climb. Determine which among the 2 types your lizard is. If it is a climber then it would be best to choose a tall cage. If it loves to live underground then you might need a wider cage.

Determining how a particular species of lizard lives in its natural habitat is the most important thing to know to be able to create a good artificial dwelling place for it. Reptiles have different characteristics and survival instincts. What is best for one may not be the best for the other.

Snake Behaviour Around Humans

A snake’s behaviour around humans is largely dependent on the type and breed of snake that comes into contact with a human. There are more than 2,000 different varieties of snake in the world that will all react differently when in direct contact with a larger species, such as being approached by a human. The main distinction in how any snake will behave is down to whether or not it is of the venomous variety. While less than 20% of all snakes are considered to be venomous, it is common to be concerned or worried when approaching a snake because of the connections to the minority that are venomous.

A basic instinct

Snakes, like most animals, have a built-in instinct that dominates how they behave, especially around humans. But unlike other many other species of animal there is thought to be only a minimal thought process that contributes to a snake’s actions, instinct will more often than not take over and a snake will react how it is instinctively designed to. In venomous varieties like the cobra, this makes them more dangerous towards humans and their aggressive approach to interaction will be displayed when they are disturbed.

For the non-venomous snakes such as boas, their behaviour around humans will greatly differ depending on what kind of situation they are placed in. Most non-venomous snakes are not considered aggressive in nature. However this is not consistent with all breeds and there are certain non-venomous snakes that will attack without provocation from humans. If the snake’s breed can be determined before any close interaction and it is identified as the non-aggressive type, they can in some instances be safe to approach.

When in direct contact with a human, a snake’s temperament will reflect how it is treated, which directly relates back to its instinctive nature. For snakes that are not naturally aggressive and who are not venomous there is very little reason why they would attack. No considerable thought process dictates the snake’s actions so if it feels comfortable in its surroundings then it is likely not to pose any heavy threat to nearby humans.

Flight or flight

A snakes instinctive behaviour is often to flee an area that a human enters; the dominant size of a human over that of a snake is reason behind its instinct to escape the immediate area. A human will normally pose a bigger threat over the snake than vice versa, hence the snake will feel the need to protect itself in a defensive manner rather than an offensive manner and attacking directly.

This can vary depending on the situation the snake finds itself in. If the human directly corners the snake or intrusively disrupts it then the snake may feel there is no other option but to defend itself in an aggressive manner. In these circumstances it is likely that the snake will strike at the human it believes is a threat to it. While this is normally not to kill or harm the human, it is a warning with enough force and speed to scare the person and show that the snake is ready to defend itself.

Non-venomous snakes generally don’t view humans as a source of food as there is no predatory instinct to attack them. This behaviour can change however is the human’s scent is tainted with the normal food of a snake such as a small mammal. If contact has recently been made with any small creature that the snake may instinctively hunt- including common household pets like cats- the scent that remains will in some situations cause them to attack the human.

A snake’s behaviour to humans is as much dependent on the behaviour displayed around them as well as the instinctive nature that they have. If you quickly approach a snake or create a loud scene they will consider it as an attack towards them and will defend themselves in the only way they know how. If a snake is calmly approached with caution and in the correct manner it will behave differently to how it otherwise would, not knowing if they are friend or foe.

Most common snake varieties will only attack if provoked and will allow humans to handle them with ease. With other rarer, naturally aggressive or venomous snakes such as the Rattlesnake varieties they may attack any approaching human, even if they do not view the person as a direct threat. Some species of snake have evolved to become better capable of attacking without being noticed while others can be easily frightened and wary of any intrusion. The behaviour of a snake can generally be predicted if the breed is known, but it is always wise to be cautious.

Training Your Dog: Tips On How To Go About It

Since they are intelligent, many dogs learn quickly and eagerly. To make it easy for you to train dogs, here are tips that you should follow:

Establish Authority

As mentioned, dogs are very intelligent; therefore, they will easily sense any weaknesses and as a result lose respect for you. To avoid this, you should establish authority as early as possible. When giving orders, you should do it authoritatively and show the dog that you expect respect from him.

While you should be authoritative, you should praise him when he does something positive. For example, when he sits down properly, you should give him cheerful words. You can also give him treats.

When he does the wrong things, you should not hit or abuse him as this will hurt him physically and mentally. The wise thing to do is to show him the right way of doing things.


Since some dogs have poor social skills when not socialized, you should start socializing them as early as possible. The best way of going about it is socializing them with other dogs of the same breed. When socializing, you should let them know the difference between an attacker and a good dog or person.

Since some dogs tend to chase people and animals, you should always socialize them on a leash. You should only consider releasing them only when you are comfortable that they won’t chase other dogs or people.

Crate Training

Crate training makes dogs feel secure. This is because they feel more comfortable in small, cave-like spaces. When training your dog, you should use words such as “in your house” or “go to bed.” Since the many dogs are energetic, you should throw a toy in the crate for them to play with.

Since some dogs tend to be independent, you should give your orders with authority. When they refuse to get into the crate, you should never force them to do it. As rule of thumb you should let the dog think the crate as a safe haven and not a punishment.

Schedule Play Time

As much as you are serious about training your dog, you should schedule time to play. The best time to play is between training sessions. In addition to ensuring that the dog concentrates in the training, playing aids in building a bond between you and the dog and as result you have an easy time training the dog.